The word Neuro linguistic programming can be broken down to three distinct words:
Neuro refers to the brain and neural network that feeds into the brain. Neurons or nerve cells are the working units used by the nervous system to send, receive, and store signals that add up to information. It’s the thinking process, the way we use our senses of sight, hearing, feeling, taste and smell to understand what is happening around us.
Linguistics refer to the content, both verbal and non-verbal, that moves across and through these pathways. The way we use our language and how it influences us and those around us.
Programming is the way the content or signal is manipulated to convert it into useful information. The brain may direct the signal, sequence it, change it based on our prior experience, or connect it to some other experience we have stored in our brain to convert it into thinking patterns and behaviours that are the essence of our experience of life. It’s the organisation of ideas.
Our experiences and feelings affect the way we react to external stimuli.
Illustration: If a student is afraid of exams, he will develop various symptoms like headache, fever, abdominal pain etc. because he had a past experience of failures in the exams where as on the other hand, a student who performs par excellence would seek same event as an opportunity to testify his hard work, and would work optimistically with zeal and excitement..!
In both the cases the event is same, the same signal is passed to brain i.e EXAMS (Neuro), the interpration is different, for one Fear and other Oppourtunity (Lingustic), the behaviour changes accordingly as Scickness or Optimism (Programming).
In processing the information, our brains used our experiences (good and bad), our biases, our opinions, our value systems, etc. to convert it into useful information that we can use.
Neuro linguistic programming (NLP for short) was developed in the early 1970s by an information scientist Richard Bandler and a linguist John Grinder at the University of California at Santa Cruz.
They had observed that people with similar education, training, background, and years of experience were achieving widely varying results ranging from wonderful to mediocre. They wanted to know the secrets of effective people. What makes them perform and accomplish things. They were especially interested in the possibility of being able to duplicate the behavior, and therefore the competence, of these highly effective individuals.
The basic premise of NLP is that the words we use reflect an inner, subconscious perception of our problems. If these words and perceptions are inaccurate, they will create an underlying problem as long as we continue to use and to think them. Our attitudes are, in a sense, a self-fulfilling prophecy.
The neuro linguistic therapist will analyze every word and phrase you use in describing your symptoms or concerns about your health. He or she will examine your facial expressions and body movements. After determining problems in your perception, the therapist will help you understand the root cause , a process very similar to our homoeopathic case taking.
NLP helps the person to analyse his basic feeling, his experiences of love and hate, in homoeopathic case taking we help the patient to recollect his past memories, his joyful and sad moments, his basic idea of disease. With a course of time patient communicates with his subconscious and reveals truth or compensates with a Lie. This basic phenomenon can be further verified with the physical reaction in the form Expressions.
Representational system in NLP consist of our five senses. These are:
Kinesthetic (touch and internal feelings)
Every one of us uses one or a combination of these senses to perceive the world. The brain gets the "picture" of what we are talking about from one or from a combination of these senses and from these senses alone.
Sometimes we tend to ask the patient experience with an particular event in his life.
Illustration: A WAR experienced in the past is shared as follows : A dead bodies all around the site (Visual) with few of soldiers crying for help (Auditory), helping out few people wounded (Kinesthetic) , there is bad odour (Olfactory) in the battleground.
This presents the mental state of the patient at a particular moment which he shares during case taking. Similarly we prescribe remedies such as Aconite, Stramonium, Gelsimium.
So, it becomes important to understand the picture of patient through his Eyes avoiding all kinds of prejudice as told by Master Hahnemann. An elaborate study of an event in all the spheres of five senses becomes essential for a simillimum.
Meta model in NLP is a set of questions designed to find the explicit meaning in a person's communication. It is important that the therapist makes no assumptions regarding the communication. The therapist may ask probing questions to find out what is in the mind of the person being treated.
Subject: I am so tired.
Analyst: What makes you tired?
Subject: He is always taunting me and making fun of me.
Analyst: Who is making fun of you?
Analyst: Bob who?
Subject: Bob Sullivan, my neighbour.
Analyst: Why is Bob making fun of you?
Subject: He is such a tease!
An untrained person would have made the assumption that the person was physically tired. By asking probing questions, the analyst learned what the subject is really saying. The therapist will use the sound, the way the subject is talking, the pitch of the voice etc. to understand the communication.
Similarly the patient may tell us his various feelings, the inner understanding of these feeling makes the true understanding of the case. A lacunae in case taking may form an entirely different picture of the patient, for example remedies running close to each other.
Milton Model : Building Rapport
Milton model refers to a set of linguistic patterns derived by Milton Erickson, the father of modern hypnotherapy. These language patterns are used to help guide someone without interfering with their experience. For example, "Think of the time you witnessed the WAR." The suggestions are made purposely vague so that the subject will have ample opportunities to shape it in his or her mind. For example, the therapist did not suggest what kind of WAR it was, what was its Cause etc. It is up to patient to fill in those blanks. This way, we can personalise it the way it makes most sense to us. Thus, this suggestion is very general and can be used for everyone. The Milton-model helps the therapist to maintain rapport with the patient. It is often used in hypnotic or trance state sessions.
This pattern helps a homoeopath to understand the deep rooted experience or the miasmatic expression of the patient, this is how we differentiate the anxiety of psora and that of sycosis based on a reaction to the situation.
Surprisingly, the pathology too reacts in the same way . “What the Mind feels , body reacts in the same way.”
Neuro Linguistic Programming offers flexibility in its techniques, but a logical explanation of the conclusion is a must .
Above stated are few of the various theories, few others are :
Communication is more than what you are saying.
No one is wrong or broken. People work perfectly to accomplish what they are currently accomplishing.
People already have all the resources they need.
Behind every behaviour is a positive intention.
Every behaviour is useful in some context.
The meaning of a communication is the response you get.
If you aren't getting the response you want, try something different.
There is no such thing as failure. There is only feedback.
Having choice is better than having no choice at all.
In any system, the element with the most flexibility exerts the most influence.
The map is not the territory.
Neuro Linguistic Programming is a continuous evolving system as of homoeopathy, it gives us a insight to understand the basic phenomenon of homoeopathic case taking, also the healing effect through effective case taking and a true remedial action.
The placebo effect is explained by this new science of 21st century, that it’s the attitude of the person and his conviction which arises the inner “Vital Force” to understand the disease as a basic delusion fights for it.
We have to break our barriers and come out with the new innovation, Experience and Follow it.
“People become really quite remarkable when they start thinking that they can do things. When they believe in themselves they have the first secret of success.”-Norman Vincent Peale